The video gaming industry is one of the biggest grossing industries currently operational, with an estimated $25 billion turnover per annum (as of 2010). The invention of video games can be dated back to the 1940s, when the first research into this field began. However, the credit for the invention of video gaming and consoles cannot be given to one single individual.
In 1952, the first attempt at developing video games was recorded, when A. S. Douglas developed Tic Tac Toe for the EDSAC vacuum tube computer. However, it isn’t considered to be a real video game. Instead, the game Tennis for Two, created by William Higinbotham in 1958 which was displayed on an oscilloscope is known as the first video game to be developed. Still, the question “who invented video games” was left unanswered.
Most of the earlier video games were developed by individuals as a hobby and used to run on university computers. Then in 1966, Ralph Baer and Bill Harrison developed a simple game known as Chase. Baer also presented the first prototype for a video game console (later developed and known as the Magnavox Odyssey). This is perhaps the reason why Baer is also known as the “Father of Video Games”.
With the invention of video games, a whole new era started. People finally found a way to fight monsters, fly into the space, fight each other, race cars, and save princesses from ugly dragons. But we haven’t seen the end of it yet. With new developments taking place on a daily basis, who knows what is yet to come?